Writing academically

The 6 Stages of the Reflective process

In some cases, reflection may help us gain more control over our thoughts, emotions, responses and behaviour and help us achieve a wider perspective on situations. In the next activity, you are asked to consider a situation you have been involved in directly or indirectly. This doesn’t have to have taken place within an educational context: it could be in the supermarket, at a club, in the sports centre….anywhere: 

1. Focus

Recall an event/incident/encounter that you witnessed or were involved in and which has left you feeling worried, confused, upset or unsettled. This could be major or minor. 

2. Awareness

Accurately describe the context, sequence of events and outcome. Describe negative feelings that you experienced in relation to the incident. 

3. Critical Analysis

Examine both your positive & negative feelings especially those that you know are stopping you thinking in a rational and clear way. What happened and why did it happen? Should you have challenged /intervened and what difference might this have made? How did the situation affect you and how did you affect the situation? Was there an exercise of power relations?

4. Interpretation

Develop a new perspective on the situation. This may involve new values/attitudes or a different way of thinking about something. 

5. Innovation

Devise other options to deal with similar future incidents. 

6. Commitment

Take action to change something

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